Zionism In Sweden

il-swe-75_smallerAs in many other Western European countries, Zionism in Sweden has mainly been about the attempt to persuade the Jewish congregations to support the State of Israel – as the Jewish homeland.

It was a long and difficult struggle for the Swedish Zionists, who met resistance not only among the Swedish Jews but also from their leaders and rabbis, who saw Zionism as a threat to the Conservative Judaism that prevailed in Sweden in the beginning of the 1900’s. The man in the forefront of Zionism in Sweden was Mauritz Tarschis.

Zionism met great resistance in Sweden, until after the Holocaust.
Zionism became after the Second World War a big movement that united the Jewish people worldwide.

Zionism (Hebrew: צִיּוֹנוּת Tsiyyonut [t͡sijo̞ˈnut] after Zion) is a movement  that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel (Eretz Yisrael). The common denominator among all Zionists is the claim to Eretz Israel as the national homeland of the Jews and as the legitimate focus for Jewish national self-determination. It is based on more than 3000 years of historical ties, cultural- and religious traditions linking the Jewish people to the Land of Israel.

Until 1948, the primary goals of Zionism were the re-establishment of Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel, ingathering of the exiles, and liberation of Jews from the antisemitic discrimination and persecution that they experienced during their diaspora. Since the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, Zionism continues primarily to advocate on behalf of Israel and to address threats to its continued existence and security.